2.【专插本英语考点】倒装句2:否定词开头的句子倒装用法:

2. 【专插本英语考点】倒装句2:否定词开头的句子倒装用法:

句首以否定词not,not only, never, no, hardly, scarcely, little, no sooner…than,seldom, not untill及以含有否定词或否定意味的短语(如in no way, in vain等)开头的句子,后而的主语、谓语的语序要颠倒.
例如:
1. Seldom (或Rarely ) has he travelled abroad lately 他最近很少到国外去。
2. Not until midnight did I finished my work. 直到半夜我才完成工作。
3. Hardly anyone has bothered to reply. 几乎没人愿意回答。
4. No sooner had she said it than she burst into tears.她还没有说出口,眼泪就出来了。

为了加深对此结构的印象,我们看一下2009年第3题的一道专插本英语真题:
3. _____ leisure was generally considered a waste of time.
A. Not until recently B. Not recently
C. Until recently D. Recently until

“直到近段时间休闲才被广泛认为是浪费时间。”根据句意,首先排除B 和 D。其次,若选A选项,则not until置于句首,句子必须倒装。变成Not until recently was leisure generally considered a waste of time. 故不能选A.答案只有C正确。until用来强调修饰recently,共同做句子的状语,句子用正常语序。

习题:(2009年专插本英语真题) 4._____ that this region was so rich in natural resources.
A. Little he knew B. Little he did know
C. Little did he know D. Little he had known

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该日志由 admin 于2012年02月21日发表在 英语学习 分类下, 你可以发表评论,并在保留原文地址及作者的情况下引用到你的网站或博客。
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